The Skhul/Qafzeh hominids or Qafzeh–Skhul early modern humans are hominid fossils discovered in the Qafzeh and Es Skhul Caves in Israel.
Skhul Cave is on the slopes of Mount Carmel; Qafzeh Cave is a rockshelter in Lower Galilee.
Early modern hominids are found buried at the mouth of a cave at Qafzeh near Nazareth, Israel.
They are associated with a Middle Paleolithic lithic industry.
A more recent hypothesis is that Skhul/Qafzeh hominids represent the first exodus of modern humans from Africa around 125,000 years ago, probably via the Sinai Peninsula, and that the robust features exhibited by the Skhul/Qafzeh hominids represent archaic sapiens features rather than Neandertal features.
Qafzeh Cave is an important multicomponent rockshelter with early modern human remains dated to the Middle Paleolithic period.
It is located in the Yizrael valley of the Lower Galilee region of Israel, on the slope of Har Qedumim at an elevation of 250 meters (820 feet) above sea level.
Neuville began his studies, sediment and Barbary figs almost completely concealed the entrance to the cave, which could not be entered standing up.
The cave opens onto the right wall of the Wadi el Hadj, or the Pilgrim’s Wadi, in the flank of Precipice Mountain, so named because a legend, dating back at least to Crusader times, claims that the inhabitants of Nazareth led Jesus to the top of this hill to hurl him over the edge.